War Events in Monroe County

August 1864

More from Civil War historian Bruce Nichols mapmaker3@aol.com – a continuation of the year with the heaviest concentration of Monroe County activities of the entire Civil War.



Planned Guerrilla Leader Meeting

Location: Middle Grove, southwest Monroe County

Date: night of 4/5 Aug 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 2, p. 544

Description: The Yankee brass somehow heard there was a council of war at Middle Grove planned for the night of 4/5 August involving guerrilla leaders such as a Frank Davis, Elliot D. Majors, as well as an unnamed Rebel colonel from Boone County and possibly "Bloody Bill" Anderson and COL Caleb Perkins. Whether the meeting took place or not is conjecture, for the Union military in MO suffered from lots of false or misleading reports particularly about guerrillas.


Five Reported Companies of Guerrillas

Location: near Middle Grove, southwest Monroe County

Date: 7 Aug 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 2, pp. 624, 667

Description: Another Union military report possibly from a spy or informant said five different companies of guerrillas under the same Frank Davis, Monroe County's own Elliott D. Majors, and COL Caleb Perkins were located then in the vicinity of the hamlet of Middle Grove. Actually, all three of these leaders were in this region this summer, so this report is at least partly true. However, these were more Confederate recruiters than guerrilla leaders.


Train Shooting

Location: near Renick, southeast Randolph County

Date: night 8/9 Aug and morning of 9 Aug 1864

Sources: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 2, p. 634; St. Louis newspaper "Daily Missouri Democrat," of 12 Aug 1864

Description: Unidentified guerrilla shot at a railroad train near Renick that night although no one aboard was hit. Again near the same location at nine the next morning guerrilla fired about one hundred shots at another passing train, and, again, hit nobody. Just the volume of shots would tend to add credence to the earlier report of large numbers of southern irregulars in this region.


Guerrilla Depredations

Location: at Middle Grove, southwest Monroe County

Date: evening of 11 Aug 1864

Source: "Daily Missouri Democrat," of 22 Aug 1864

Description: On this evening three unidentified guerrillas or southern recruits robbed sheriff F. G. H. McNutt and his deputy John S. Conyers at the home of the brother of the sheriff, Dr. John McNutt, in or near Middle Grove. The sheriff and deputy had been collecting taxes and the guerrillas took from them $45 and two revolvers.


Spy Report of Large Bands of Southern Irregulars

Location: Randolph and Chariton Counties

Date: mid August 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 2, pp. 859-60

Description: A Union spy named George Williams brought the report of a number of Rebel recruiting bands and guerrillas in this region just west of Monroe County. The spy named "Bloody Bill" Anderson and COL Caleb Perkins there and also bands under former Quantrill lieutenant George Todd, Clifton Holtzclaw, and a Pitney. This seems

to have been a reliable report.



Location: near Madison, west Monroe County, and Middle Grove

Date: 24 Aug 1864

Sources: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 2, p. 858; "Daily Missouri Democrat" of 30 Aug 1864

Description: CPT W. E. Fowkes with sixty men of Company C, 70th Enrolled Missouri Militia from Paris, probably in response to all the guerrilla activity reported in southwest Monroe County searched for and found guerrillas this day and fought with them. Fowkes' men found and fought Frank Davis' guerrilla or recruit band near Madison killing one Rebel and wounding at least one more, but they were outnumbered and requested reinforcements. It appears that another EMM detachment from Sturgeon in north Boone County (possibly of the 61st EMM) perhaps riding to help rode into the village of Middle Grove this same day and  wounded and captured heavily armed William Perkins, the brother of COL Caleb Perkins, who was hiding under a bed in a house there. After these militiamen took the wounded Perkins back to Sturgeon they shot and mortally wounded him this time while he was allegedly trying to escape. Meanwhile, 2LT H. W. Gleason with more of Company C, 70th EMM riding perhaps to CPT Fowkes' rescue at a Mr. Bell's farm shot to death a guerrilla named Beaty who rode up and later at Middle Grove also shot a Thompson at his mother's house there. Apparently, CPT Fowkes and his command made it safely back to Paris as did 2LT Gleason's men, but their encounters tend to support the earlier reports that the west side of Monroe County was overrun with Rebel irregulars at that time.


Union Expedition

Location: Monroe and Ralls Counties

Date: 11 to 16 Sep 1864

Source: Frederick Dyer's "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" vol. 2, p. 812

Description: Just from this one source it appears that a force of the 39th Missouri Infantry Regiment was operating at this time in the two counties.  There are left to us no details and no reports of any casualties on either side.


Union Report of Southern Recruits or Guerrillas

Location: in Monroe County

Date: 15 Sep 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 3, p. 206

Description: Another Union military report said that elements of COL Caleb Perkins' recruiting command (the report called them guerrillas) under Frank Davis and an Arnold had 200 men in Monroe County, but that they had been dispersed to their homes for the time being awaiting a recall.


Guerrillas Attack Railroad Train

Location: near Hunnewell, southeast Shelby County

Date: 3 or 4 Oct 1864

Sources: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 3, pp. 618, 619, 620; "Daily Missouri Democrat" of 5 October 1864; Richard Brownlee's "Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy," p. 220; and 1884 History of Marion County, pp. 539-540

Description: Nine guerrillas under a Hughes robbed a passenger train and burned two freight trains near Hunnewell. This happened when the passenger train derailed holding up the two following freight trains. The guerrillas robbed the express box of about $25,000 but took little from the frightened passengers. Some of the passengers were quick-thinking enough to hide the identity of three Union soldiers who were also passengers on the train, or the bushwhackers may have captured them or worse.


Guerrilla Raid

Location: Paris, Monroe County

Date: evening of 15 Oct 1864

Sources: Dyer's "Compendium," vol. 2, p. 813; "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part

4, pp. 13, 36, 47; Wiley Britton, "Civil War on the Border," vol. 2, pp.

458-460; Shelbyville "Herald" 27 May 1908 quoted in Williams' "Civil War

Records of Northeast MO," p. 37.

Description: COL Washington McDaniel or McDonald and Major Elliott Majors with an estimated 400 guerrillas or Rebel recruits raided the Monroe County seat of Paris just as Confederate MG Sterling Price's long-awaited MO raid was at it's zenith south of the Missouri River and area Union troops were struggling to counter it. The Rebels besieged the Paris garrison of CPT William E. Fowkes and 60 to 70 men of 70th EMM for about an hour before the militia surrendered at about 8 pm having suffered the loss of one man slightly wounded. CPT Fowkes was persuaded to surrender when the southerners set fire to a nearby building and got his wife to persuade Fowkes to surrender to prevent needless loss of life. COL McDaniel kept his victorious Rebels in Paris the rest of the night then set out at two the next afternoon for Shelbina. No other details are given regarding these Rebels in Monroe County, but the 1908 newspaper article says they took what they needed from locals in Shelby County later. This article conjectured that "Bloody Bill" Anderson's men could have been in the Rebel force, but this is unlikely since that gang was on that date raiding railroad facilities in nearby Montgomery County.


Large Guerrilla Band

Location: Monroe County

Date: about 20 Oct 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, part 4, pp. 136-7, pp. 162,163

Description: A sketchy Union military report says that a Green with about 300 Rebel guerrillas (or recruits) were in Monroe County and briefly occupied Paris. The report says "the rebels hold high carnival in Monroe County." It is very possible with hindsight that this is the same group that raided Paris on 15 October, but events were transpiring so quickly at that time in other parts of MO that little attention was paid to this. About this same day a large body of Rebels was also reported nearby in west Ralls County.



Location: at or near Paris, Monroe County

Date: about 26 Oct 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, pp. 254, 276

Description: This scanty report only tells us that COL William Forbes' force of 42nd Missouri Infantry

(mounted) or part of it lost one man killed at or near Paris fighting guerrillas about this date, evidently while chasing COL Washington "Wash" McDaniel and his 400 or so Rebels who were riding fast through the county heading south into Audrain County and perhaps to later catch up with General Price's forces then in far west Missouri at the Kansas line.


Union Troop Disposition Report

Location: near Monroe County

Date: 31 Oct 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, p. 371

Description: This routine Union report telling where troops were on that date stationed identifies the only Yankee troops in the Monroe County area to be LTC Alexander F. Denny and four companies of 46th EMM at Allen in east Randolph County and CPT Lewis F. Carrothers and a provisional company of 70th EMM at Shelbyville, Shelby County.


Sketchy Union Report of Rebels in Region

Location: Monroe and surrounding counties

Date: about 12 or 13 Nov 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, pp. 566-7

Description: Union militia official BG Joseph B. Douglass at nearby Mexico, Audrain County, estimated for his superiors that there were at that time about 200 active Rebels in Howard County, about 250 in Boone County, about 100 in Randolph County, and about

250 in Monroe County.


Guerrilla Depredations

Location: in Monroe County

Date: evening of 24 Nov 1864:  

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, pp. 682, 890

Description: Three citizens of Monroe County (Fox, McBride, and Alexander) and LTC Graham of the 70th EMM at Paris reported to Union authorities that six bushwhackers allegedly formerly of "Bloody Bill" Anderson's band committed atrocities in the county. They killed a northern sympathizer named Piper, hung a black man who formerly was a slave of the Rebel recruiter Clay Price, and then rode south toward Callaway or Boone County. These guerrillas also threatened to kill "all who had organized themselves into the militia of this county.”


Guerrilla Depredations

Location: at Middle Grove, southwest Monroe County

Date: night of 28/29 Nov 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, p. 715

Description: A Union lieutenant at nearby Sturgeon reported that 15 bushwhackers in Union uniforms robbed Tucker's Store at Middle Grove of $500 cash and $1000 in goods.


Guerrilla Depredations

Location: at Monroe Station, northeast Monroe County

Date: 9 Dec 1864

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 41, part 4, pp. 841-2

Description: This Union military report only says that two guerrillas "did a little mischief" at Monroe Station.


Guerrilla Depredations

Location: in or near Monroe County

Dates: about 17 to 24 Dec 1864

Source: newspaper "Louisiana Journal" (Pike County) of 24 Dec 1864 quoted in

"California Weekly News" (Moniteau County) of 14 Jan 1865

Description: The news article says that William Kingston was shot and killed evidently while trying to stop John and James Lindsey (known as "the mule thieves") from stealing Kingston’s horses in or near Monroe County.


Union Troop Disposition Report

Location: near Monroe County

Date: 31 Dec 1864

Source: "O.R" series 1, vol. 41, part 4, p. 983

Description: This routine Union report says that the only northern troops in or near Monroe County as of this date were one company of 46th EMM under CPT Charles F. Mayo at nearby Huntsville and a provisional company of 70th EMM under LT Martin O. Miller at Shelbyville as well as three companies of 49th EMM under CPT John F. Dierker at nearby Mexico.