1865 War Events in Monroe County

The last installment of this series from Civil War historian Bruce Nichols mapmaker3@aol.com the final Civil War events in Monroe County.  A very special thanks to Bruce for his time and effort in preparing this series. LPP 



Union Troop Disposition Report

Location: Near Monroe County

Date: 28 Feb 1865

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 48, part 1, pp. 1035-6

Description: It appears from this report that the closest Union troops to Monroe County at this time consisted of one company of 46th EMM under CPT Charles F. Mayo at Huntsville, Randolph County, and one company of 9th Cav MSM under LT James B. Decker at Mexico. Indeed, the 9th Cav MSM was scattered in individual companies all over northeast MO.


Union Troop Disposition Report

Location: Near Monroe County

Date: 30 Apr 1865

Source: "O.R." series 1, vol. 48, part 2, p. 268

Description: This routine report shows the same company of 9th Cav MSM under the same officer as before at Mexico, but now three more companies of 9th Cav MSM under LT Luther T. Hayman at the village of Sturgeon on the Boone/Howard County border.  It appears that the Yankees placed their troops in railroad towns to suppress sabotage to those vital facilities and in order to move them rapidly in trains to wherever trouble occurred. The Enrolled Missouri Militia (EMM) had been officially disbanded on 12 March 1865 as civil law was beginning to take back its functions across most of MO.


Crime Spree of Guerrilla Band

Location: Across Marion, Ralls, Monroe, and Audrain Counties

Sources: 1884 Marion County history, pp. 549-551; 1963 Marion County history,

p. 71; "O.R." series 1, vol. 48, part 2, p. 389

Description: Beginning 7 May a bushwhacker band of eight to ten including Ned Freeman, William Norman, George Brown, and John Blue began a crime spree near New Market in Marion County by robbing three men near there of ten horses. The next day also in Warren Township, Marion County they killed Henry Spaw in a gun battle in which Henry's brother killed Ned Freeman, then the raiders rode into Ralls County. Meanwhile, a citizen guards posse started on their trail and followed them across parts of Ralls County and Monroe County May 9 and into Audrain County where they overtook the gang and captured four (named above). The citizen guards placed the four guerrillas in jail where they were indicted for the murder of Spaw, but they later escaped in November. No evidence was given that this gang disturbed anyone in Ralls or Monroe Counties (they rode near the village of Florida). These raiders seemed to be merely freebooters or robbers little interested any more in the southern cause. This also seemed to be the case of a few other guerrilla bands still active across some parts of MO. Some turned themselves in after promises of fair treatment and the war drew to a close by June.